Professor Wendy Parker discusses the end of Arkansas’s integration funding in The Wall Street Journal
Research | Comments Off
The Wall Street Journal
December 2, 2013
The state of Arkansas and three school districts agreed to a legal settlement that phases out the multimillion-dollar annual payments the districts have received for decades to integrate black and white students.
The districts include Little Rock, which was the site of one of the most famous desegregation battles in U.S. history, when Gov. Orval Faubus sent the state National Guard to block black students from entering Little Rock Central High in 1957. President Dwight Eisenhower sent other troops to successfully escort the black students, who became known as the “Little Rock Nine.”
The state has been paying $70 million a year to the districts, and a total of more than $1 billion since 1989 under federal-court supervision. The funds supported desegregation efforts such as building racially balanced magnet schools and paying to transport students to schools where they would be in the minority.
The settlement was agreed upon by all sides and presented Tuesday to a federal judge, who will decide whether to approve it. It calls for the state to stop the payments after four years, beginning in August 2018. The school districts had wanted the funds to continue for seven years. A federal court had already declared that two of the three districts, including Little Rock, had achieved unitary—or desegregated—status in recent years.
Read the full story here.